Ginger is a plant with yellow flowers that grows in the warm parts of the world like Asia, China, India, and Japan. Known for its distinctive flavour and health benefits, ginger is commonly added to recipes. You can obtain ginger in its fresh, dried, powdered, or juice form. Many people mostly use the underground part of the stem for cooking which is known as the rhizome or ginger root.
There are many ways to prepare ginger, including fresh, dried, pickled, preserved, crystallized, candied, and powdered or ground. The flavour is a little peppery and slightly sweet, with a strong and spicy aroma.
Overall, ginger has been used in food and supplements as it possesses powerful antioxidants and natural compounds that provide incredible medicinal uses. Since ancient times, ginger has been grounded and juiced into a tonic to help people with digestion, infections, and inflammation .
However, current studies show ginger and its extract to provide numerous other health benefits.
In this post, we will take a look at the 11 health benefits of ginger.
Ginger nutrition facts
This commonly used spice contains approximately 50% carbohydrate, 6-8% fats, and 9% protein. In addition, it also contains plenty of vitamins and minerals and various powerful antioxidants, and natural compounds. Ginger is very low in calories, low in sodium, and cholesterol and saturated fat-free.
11 Health benefits of ginger
Naturally relieves pain
One of the major causes of pain is due to inflammation (swelling). This is the body’s natural self-defense system that protects the cells and tissues from a variety of harmful bacterias and infections.
Plenty of studies show that ginger possesses anti-inflammatory properties. For instance, one of the studies shows that people who exercise regularly and consume 2g of raw ginger per day experienced less muscle and joint pain than people who didn’t .
In addition, this study also reported that people had a better range of motion at their joints thanks to the reduction in inflammation.
One of the main causes of inflammation and pain is oxidative stress which leads to cell damage. This may later lead to osteoarthritis and rheumatism.
Plenty of studies show that ginger contains powerful antioxidants like gingerol which reduces inflammation. In general, gingerol is the active compound in ginger that offers its medicinal properties.
Rheumatoid is an auto-immune system in which the body attacks healthy cells and damages them as it mistakes them for harmful bacteria. Some studies show that ginger can be great for reducing inflammation, painful symptoms and being a great addition to the treatment  .
In addition, the extract has shown to be effective for reducing inflammation and pain in persons who struggle with osteoarthritis .
Protects against infections
Ginger root contains the most antioxidant properties which has the power to reduce the risks of oxidative stress and fight against a number of diseases and infections. Many studies indicate that the compounds found in the root scavenge harmful bacteria and toxins and eliminate them from the body which stops them from damaging cells .
Reduces nausea and vomiting
Many people experience nausea and vomiting for different reasons. Some may experience it as a result of pregnancy whereas others as a result of a medical condition or medical treatment like chemotherapy.
In the traditional use of ginger, nausea and vomiting are among its most common and most well-established benefits. It relieves liver and digestion discomfort which plays an effective role as an antiemetic.
A 2017 study reported that people on chemotherapy treatment experienced less fatigue, nausea and vomiting related to the treatment . In addition, this spice has also been effective for reducing pregnancy-related nausea too .
May protect against certain types of cancer
Over the last several years, ginger has been studied for its cancer-preventative and potential cancer therapeutic properties.
The current studies show that ginger contains 2 antioxidant compounds responsible for providing these properties. There are called gingerol and zerumbone. These two antioxidants show to prevent and suppress the growth of certain cancers. For instance lymphoma, hepatoma, colorectal cancer, breast cancer, skin cancer, liver cancer, and bladder cancer 
Some studies show that natural antioxidants encourage the body to kill and recycle damaged cells, and replace them with new and healthy ones. As a result, the risk of cancer can be significantly reduced .
May reduce migraine pain
Some early research shows that ginger may reduce the pain severity of migraines and faster recovery . This is thanks to the anti-inflammatory properties of the spice.
May help you manage your weight better
A 2016 study shows that consuming 2g of ginger per day over 12 weeks can significantly help with weight loss .
In addition, other studies show that ginger extract can act as an appetite suppressant which can help you lower your overall calorie intake. The same study also reported that participants experienced a faster metabolism which is a significant factor in weight management .
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May help manage with diabetes treatment
Early studies show that ginger can also help you manage type 2 diabetes better. You see it contains natural compounds that can regulate blood sugar levels .
In addition, a 2013 study shows that ginger can also improve tissue sensitivity to insulin. This allows the body to regulate blood sugar levels better too .
May improve digestion
Early research shows that consuming ginger can speed up gastric emptying and reduce bowel inflammation.
Although studies are still controversial, and more research needs to be done, some studies show incredible effects.
For instance, a 2019 study shows that consuming this spice on a regular basis can speed up gastric emptying. Doctors believe that one of the major causes of indigestion is delayed gastric emptying, hence why ginger may help .
May improve menstrual cycles
Some early research shows that ginger may be used as a therapeutic treatment for heavy menstrual cycles. A 2014 study reported a significant reduction in blood flow when people consumed 250 mg of powdered ginger .
Furthermore, another study reported that consuming 750-2000 mg ginger powder reduces pain associated with the menstrual cycle, especially in the first 3-4 days .
Reduces the risk of heart disease
Heart diseases are heavily associated with blood pressure, blood sugar levels, and high cholesterol. These are the three major factors contributing to heart disease.
Plenty of research shows that ginger and its natural compounds have the power to reduce and regulate these three factors. In turn, this results in a significantly lower risk of heart disease  .
In summary, ginger and its natural antioxidants and compounds contain an abundance of health benefits. Overall, taking ginger in different forms (whichever is more convenient for you) has the potential to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, inflammation, infections, and so much more.
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